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Chapter 2. Geriatrics

Student Questions

Which of the following statements is an accurate description of the aging population in the United States?

A. Older adults will make up 14% of the population in year 2050

B. The ratio of women to men will no longer exist

C. The surviving baby boomers will be more racially diverse than previous elders

D. The surviving baby boomers will have less financial resources than previous elders

Answer: C

Option A: Incorrect. Older adults will make up over 20% of the population in year 2050.

Option B: Incorrect. The ratio of women to men (more women than men) will be maintained.

Option C: Correct. The surviving baby boomers will be more racially diverse than ever before.

Option D: Incorrect. The surviving baby boomers will have more financial resources.

JD is an 82-year-old man with multimorbidity and polypharmacy use. His chronic conditions include hypertension, diabetes, Alzheimer's dementia, prostate cancer, hypothyroidism, osteoporosis, depression, and Parkinson's disease. Which of JD's conditions are among the most common chronic diseases older men live with?

A. Diabetes, hypertension, cancer

B. Hypertension, Alzheimer's dementia, Parkinson's disease

C. Diabetes, depression, hypothyroidism

D. Osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, hypothyroidism

Answer: A

Option A: Correct. Diabetes, hypertension, and cancer are common in older men.

Option B: Incorrect. Alzheimer's dementia and Parkinson's disease are not one of the most common conditions in older men.

Option C: Incorrect. Depression and hypothyroidism are not one of the most common conditions in older men.

Option D: Incorrect. Osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, and hypothyroidism are not one of the most common conditions in older men.

Which of the following statements about health status and health care cost in older patients is true?

A. US life expectancy is one of the longest among industrialized nations

B. Older adults have higher hospitalization rate but shorter length of stay compared to younger adults

C. Medicare plays a major role in health care costs and accounts for 10% of total US health spending

D. Older women have lower rates of heart disease and cancer compared with older men

Answer: D

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