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Chapter 62. Ophthalmic Disorders

Which of the following ophthalmic emergencies requires an immediate consult with an ophthalmologist?

A. Blood in the eye

B. Corneal abrasion

C. Acute chemical burn

D. Macular edema

E. Corneal ulcer

Which of the following medications for ocular allergies is a mast cell stabilizer?

A. Pheniramine

B. Cromolyn sodium

C. Ketorolac

D. Loteprednol

E. Emedastine

Which of the following is an appropriate treatment for corneal abrasion in a 50-year-old woman on warfarin therapy?

A. Oral NSAIDs

B. Topical antibiotics

C. Saline irrigation

D. Eye patches

E. Contact lenses

A 25-year-old man presents with red eye with an abrupt onset, copious purulent discharge and rapid progression. What is the probable diagnosis?

A. Allergic conjunctivitis

B. Viral conjunctivitis

C. Hyperacute bacterial conjunctivitis

D. Bacterial keratitis

E. Traumatic injury

Antibiotic choice for bacterial conjunctivitis needs to cover which organism?

A. Neisseria

B. Staphylococcus

C. Haemophilus

D. Streptococcus

E. Chlamydia

Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for bacterial keratitis?

A. Contact lenses

B. Diabetes Mellitus

C. Oral NSAIDs

D. Corneal epithelial edema

E. Atopic dermatitis

A 23-year-old woman patient presents with photophobia and blurred vision after trying to remove her new contact lenses before swimming. Which of the following antibiotics would be the most initial therapy?

A. Erythromycin 0.5% ointment

B. Azithromycin 1% solution


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