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Chapter 48. Contraception

All of the following are the functional phases of the menstrual cycle except:

A. Follicular

B. Ovulatory

C. Implantation

D. Menstrual

Rapid return of fertility would be least likely to occur upon discontinuation of which of the following contraceptives:

A. NuvaRing

B. Depo-Provera

C. Yasmin

D. Ortho Evra

COCs work by inhibiting ovulation. The progestin component of COCs works mainly by suppressing which of the following hormones:

A. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

B. Luteinizing hormone (LH)

C. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D. Growth hormone (GH)

Potential risks associated with the use of oral contraceptives include all of the following except:

A. Venous thromboembolism

B. Hypertension

C. Gallbladder disease

D. Breast cancer

Which of the following is considered to be an absolute contraindication to the use of COCs?

A. Smoking 10 cigarettes per day

B. History of migraine headache disorder without aura

C. Postpartum 2 weeks following delivery

D. Uterine fibroids

If a woman has breakthrough bleeding or spotting that continues beyond her normal menses, what would be the most appropriate suggestion to decrease this side effect?

A. Increase progestin dose

B. Decrease progestin dose

C. Increase estrogen dose

D. Decrease estrogen dose

Which of the following COCs is FDA-approved for the treatment of PMDD?

A. Yaz

B. Yasmin

C. Seasonique

D. Loestrin 24 Fe

Unlike COCs, which of the following risks has not been associated with progestin-only pills?


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