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Chapter 21. Constipation, Diarrhea, and Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Which one of the following conditions is associated with constipation?

A. Hypotension

B. Diabetes mellitus

C. Hypertension

D. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

E. Hyperuricemia

Which one of the following characteristics should prompt a patient to seek medical attention for constipation?

A. Sudden change in bowel habits after age 50

B. Presence of 4 or more bowel movements per week

C. Presence of flatulence

D. Change in dietary habits

E. Age of 7 to 12 years

All of the following medications are associated with causing constipation except:

A. Ibuprofen

B. Clonidine

C. Ondansetron

D. Ferrous sulfate

E. Clindamycin

Alarm factors associated with constipation include all of the following except:

A. New onset or worsening of constipation

B. Family history of colon cancer

C. Weight gain

D. Anemia

E. Blood in the stool

Which one of the following oral laxatives is best to relieve constipation during pregnancy?

A. Mineral oil

B. Senna

C. Bisacodyl

D. Docusate sodium

E. Castor oil

Which one of the following types of diarrhea resolves during a period of fasting?

A. Inflammatory

B. Secretory

C. Osmotic

D. Altered motility

E. None of the above

The diarrhea associated with lactase deficiency may be reduced or avoided by implementing which one of the following measures?

A. Using lactose tablets with precipitating foods


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