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Chapter 85. Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Surgery

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Which of the following antimicrobials is not recommended for use in surgical prophylaxis?

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A. Ampicillin

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B. Cefazolin

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C. Ertapenem

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D. A and B

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E. A and C

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Which of the following should be factored into selection of a surgical prophylaxis agent?

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A. Type of surgical procedure

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B. History of MRSA infections

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C. Patient’s weight

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D. Antimicrobial spectrum

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E. All of the above

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Which of the following is not true regarding surgical site infection (SSI)?

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A. It is the second most common cause of nosocomial infection.

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B. It increases patient length of stay and healthcare costs.

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C. Up to 20% of extra-abdominal operation patients will develop an SSI.

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D. All of the above are true.

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E. None of the above is true.

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Choose the appropriately matched surgical procedure with antimicrobial prophylaxis.

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A. Colorectal surgery, cefazolin

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B. Orthopedic surgery, ertapenem

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C. Hysterectomy, ertapenem

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D. Cardiothoracic, cefuroxime

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E. All of the above are correct.

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Which of the following statements is true?

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A. All antimicrobials should be infused 2 hours prior to first incision.

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B. Most surgical site infections are caused by E. coli.

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C. Surgical prophylaxis should be continued for at least 48 hours.

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D. Poor surgical technique is the only reason patients get surgical site infecitons.

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E. None of the above are true.

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Which of the following is guideline recommended routes of administration for antimicrobial prophylaxis?

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A. Topical

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B. Intravenous

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C. Oral

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D. A and B

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E. B and ...

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