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Chapter 79. Urinary Tract Infections

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The preferred treatment option for an initial UTI episode in a 22-year-old female patient with normal renal function is:

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A. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

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B. Cefuroxime

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C. Nitrofurantoin

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D. Amoxicillin

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E. Ciprofloxacin

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Which of the following treatments options may be used in patients with uncomplicated cystitis as a single-dose therapy:

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A. Ciprofloxacin

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B. Amoxicillin/clavulanate

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C. Gentamicin

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D. Fosfomycin

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E. Methenamine

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The preferred antibiotic regimen in a male patient with pyelonephritis and concomitant urosepsis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is:

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A. Ertapenem

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B. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid

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C. Fosfomycin

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D. Piperacillin-tazobactam

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E. Gentamicin

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The preferred regimen for patients requiring a single-dose intravenous antibiotic as supplemental therapy for treatment of pyelonephritis due to fluoroquinolone resistant E. coli is:

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A. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

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B. Ceftriaxone

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C. Ampicillin/sulbactam

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D. Ceftazidime

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E. Ciprofloxacin

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Which of the following fluoroquinolone antibiotics should not be used for UTIs due to its limited urinary excretion?

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A. Moxifloxacin

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B. Ofloxacin

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C. Levofloxacin

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D. Ciprofloxacin

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E. Norfloxacin

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Decreases in a patient’s glomerular filtration rate can significantly decrease urine concentrations of all of the following antibiotics except:

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A. Gentamicin

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B. Levofloxacin

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C. Minocycline

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D. Nitrofurantoin

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E. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

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A 29-year-old woman who is 20 weeks pregnant has a routine clean-catch urine growth E. coli at a scheduled visit. The following are treatment options for this patient except:

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A. Amoxicillin-clavulanate

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B. Cephalexin

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