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Chapter 62. Ophthalmic Disorders

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Which of the following ophthalmic emergencies requires an immediate consult with an ophthalmologist?

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A. Blood in the eye

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B. Corneal abrasion

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C. Acute chemical burn

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D. Macular edema

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E. Corneal ulcer

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Which of the following medications for ocular allergies is a mast cell stabilizer?

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A. Pheniramine

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B. Cromolyn sodium

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C. Ketorolac

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D. Loteprednol

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E. Emedastine

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Which of the following is an appropriate treatment for corneal abrasion in a 50-year-old woman on warfarin therapy?

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A. Oral NSAIDs

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B. Topical antibiotics

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C. Saline irrigation

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D. Eye patches

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E. Contact lenses

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A 25-year-old man presents with red eye with an abrupt onset, copious purulent discharge and rapid progression. What is the probable diagnosis?

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A. Allergic conjunctivitis

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B. Viral conjunctivitis

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C. Hyperacute bacterial conjunctivitis

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D. Bacterial keratitis

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E. Traumatic injury

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Antibiotic choice for bacterial conjunctivitis needs to cover which organism?

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A. Neisseria

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B. Staphylococcus

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C. Haemophilus

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D. Streptococcus

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E. Chlamydia

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Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for bacterial keratitis?

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A. Contact lenses

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B. Diabetes Mellitus

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C. Oral NSAIDs

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D. Corneal epithelial edema

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E. Atopic dermatitis

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A 23-year-old woman patient presents with photophobia and blurred vision after trying to remove her new contact lenses before swimming. Which of the following antibiotics would be the most initial therapy?

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A. Erythromycin 0.5% ointment

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B. Azithromycin 1% solution

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