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Chapter 48. Contraception

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All of the following are the functional phases of the menstrual cycle except:

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A. Follicular

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B. Ovulatory

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C. Implantation

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D. Menstrual

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Rapid return of fertility would be least likely to occur upon discontinuation of which of the following contraceptives:

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A. NuvaRing

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B. Depo-Provera

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C. Yasmin

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D. Ortho Evra

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COCs work by inhibiting ovulation. The progestin component of COCs works mainly by suppressing which of the following hormones:

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A. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

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B. Luteinizing hormone (LH)

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C. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

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D. Growth hormone (GH)

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Potential risks associated with the use of oral contraceptives include all of the following except:

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A. Venous thromboembolism

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B. Hypertension

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C. Gallbladder disease

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D. Breast cancer

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Which of the following is considered to be an absolute contraindication to the use of COCs?

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A. Smoking 10 cigarettes per day

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B. History of migraine headache disorder without aura

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C. Postpartum 2 weeks following delivery

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D. Uterine fibroids

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If a woman has breakthrough bleeding or spotting that continues beyond her normal menses, what would be the most appropriate suggestion to decrease this side effect?

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A. Increase progestin dose

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B. Decrease progestin dose

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C. Increase estrogen dose

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D. Decrease estrogen dose

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Which of the following COCs is FDA-approved for the treatment of PMDD?

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A. Yaz

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B. Yasmin

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C. Seasonique

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D. Loestrin 24 Fe

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Unlike COCs, which of the following risks has not been associated with progestin-only pills?

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