Chapter 23. Pancreatitis
Which one of the following are common causes of acute pancreatitis?
A. Hypertension, gallstones, diabetes mellitus
B. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertriglyceridemia, medications
C. Ethanol abuse, gallstones, pregnancy
D. Hereditary predisposition, obesity, gallstones
E. Obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia
Complications of acute pancreatitis may include all of the following except:
A. Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Which of the following are complications of chronic pancreatitis?
Which of the following tests should be reviewed to work up a patient for pancreatitis?
A. Lipase, amylase, triglycerides
B. Amylase, serum calcium, hemoglobin
C. Triglycerides, hemoglobin, serum glucose
D. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lipase, serum magnesium
E. Serum calcium, lipase, C-reactive protein
Which of the following is not an indicator that the patient may require transfer to an ICU?
A. Systolic blood pressure less than80 mm Hg
B. Multiple organ dysfunction
C. Temperature greater than 38°C with altered mental status
D. Respiratory rate greater than 35 breaths/min
Initial treatment of acute pancreatitis should include:
A. Enzyme supplementation
E. Enrollment in alcohol abstinence counseling
Which of the following are risk factors for chronic pancreatitis?
B. Hypertension, enalapril use