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Chapter 21. Constipation, Diarrhea, and Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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Which one of the following conditions is associated with constipation?

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A. Hypotension

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B. Diabetes mellitus

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C. Hypertension

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D. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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E. Hyperuricemia

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Which one of the following characteristics should prompt a patient to seek medical attention for constipation?

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A. Sudden change in bowel habits after age 50

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B. Presence of 4 or more bowel movements per week

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C. Presence of flatulence

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D. Change in dietary habits

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E. Age of 7 to 12 years

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All of the following medications are associated with causing constipation except:

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A. Ibuprofen

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B. Clonidine

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C. Ondansetron

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D. Ferrous sulfate

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E. Clindamycin

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Alarm factors associated with constipation include all of the following except:

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A. New onset or worsening of constipation

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B. Family history of colon cancer

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C. Weight gain

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D. Anemia

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E. Blood in the stool

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Which one of the following oral laxatives is best to relieve constipation during pregnancy?

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A. Mineral oil

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B. Senna

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C. Bisacodyl

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D. Docusate sodium

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E. Castor oil

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Which one of the following types of diarrhea resolves during a period of fasting?

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A. Inflammatory

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B. Secretory

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C. Osmotic

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D. Altered motility

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E. None of the above

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The diarrhea associated with lactase deficiency may be reduced or avoided by implementing which one of the following measures?

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A. Using lactose tablets with precipitating foods

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