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Chapter 2. Geriatrics

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The following is an accurate description of the aging population:

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A. The number of older adults will reach 17 million in 2030

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B. The ratio of women to men will no longer exist

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C. The surviving baby boomers will be more racially diverse than previous elders

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D. The surviving baby boomers will have less financial resources than previous elders

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E. The minority elder populations are projected to decrease in 2020

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Education and health literacy in the older Americans can be described as:

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A. In 2007, 62% of Hispanic elders had high school degrees

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B. Nearly 20% of people 75 years and older have low health literacy

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C. In 2007, 62% of black elders had high school degrees

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D. Nearly 40% of people 75 years and older have low health literacy

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E. None of the above

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Following are common chronic conditions older Americans have:

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A. Diabetes, hypertension, cancer

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B. Hypertension, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease

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C. Asthma, stroke, hypothyroidism

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D. Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Alzheimer disease, stroke

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E. Cancer, heart disease, Parkinson disease

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The most important pharmacokinetic change that occurs with aging is:

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A. Reduced renal function

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B. Delayed gastric emptying

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C. Increased conjugation

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D. Phase II hepatic metabolism

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E. Deconditioning

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All of the following are incorporated into the Cockcroft–Gault equation except:

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A. Age

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B. Gender

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C. Serum albumin

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D. Serum creatinine

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E. Weight

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Because of pharmacodynamic changes, older adults have increased sensitivity to:

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A. Acetaminophen

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B. Metformin

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C. Aspirin

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D. Morphine

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