Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Chapter 17. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Which one of the following GERD symptom is considered complicated and requires further diagnostic evaluation?
Extraesophageal syndrome associated with GERD refers to:
A. Erosions of the esophagus
B. Gastroesophageal reflux symptoms associated with disease processes in organs other than the esophagus
C. Inflammation of the esophagus
D. Replacement of the squamous epithelial lining in the esophagus with columnar epithelial lining
Which of the following PPI regimens is/are preferred as initial treatment in a 60-year-old patient with erosive esophagitis?
A. Lansoprazole 30 mg once daily × 3 weeks
B. Pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily × 24 weeks
C. Esomeprazole 20 mg once daily × 8 weeks
D. Rabeprazole 20 mg once daily as needed
E. Any of the above would be a preferred treatment
Which of the following PPIs would offer dosing flexibility relative to meal timing?
C. Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
On-demand therapy would be most appropriate in patients with:
B. Intermittent reflux symptoms
Which one of the following medications may worsen the symptoms of GERD by decreasing lower esophageal sphincter pressure?